Wine and high culture continued…

Now we will examine the thoughts and beliefs of Scientist, Artists, and Philosophers as well as the  presence of  wine in theology. These individuals range from Plato (427-347 BC) to Pope Pius XII (1876-1958).


Wine is sunlight, held together by water.
Galileo Galilei, Italian scientist and mathematician, (1564-1642)
“The flavor of wine is like delicate poetry.”
Louis Pasteur—French chemist and microbologist (1822-1895)


I feast on wine and bread, and feasts they are.
Michelangelo, Italian painter and sculptor, (1475-1564)

The discovery of a good wine is increasingly better for mankind than the discovery of a new star.
Leonardo da Vinci, Italian artist, (1452-1519)

“Cobalt is a divine color and there is nothing as fine for putting an atmosphere round things. Carmine is the red of wine and is warm and lively like wine. The same goes for emerald green too. It’s false economy to dispense with them, with those colors. Cadmium as well.”
(Letter to Theo van Gogh, 28 December 1885) Author Vincent Van gogh-  Dutch Artist (1853-1890)


A remedy for the moroseness of old age.

Wine fills the heart with courage.

No thing more excellent nor more valuable than wine
was ever granted mankind by God.

School of Atens (Plato and Aristotle) --- Raffaello

Plato, Greek philosopher, (427-347 BC)

“The cheapness of wine seems to be a cause, not of drunkenness, but of sobriety.  …People are seldom guilty of excess in what is their daily fare…On the contrary, in the countries which, either from excessive heat or cold, produce no grapes, and where wine consequently is dear and a rarity, drunkenness is a common vice.”
“The Wealth of Nations”—Adam Smith —Father of Economics  (1723-1790)


“Sorrow can be alleviated by good sleep, a bath and a glass of good wine.”
St. Thomas Aquinas- an Italian priest of the Catholic Church (1225-1274)

“Wine in itself is an excellent thing.”
Pope Pius XII 260th pope  1876-1958

Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with a merry heart; for God now accepteth thy works.

-Bible (Old Testament)
Ecclesiastes 9:7.

Wine is as good as life to a man, if it be drunk moderately: what life is then to a man that is without wine? for it was made to make men glad.

-Bible (Apocrypha)
Ecclesiasticus 31:27.

When this man tasted the water, which had now become wine, without knowing where it came from (though naturally the servants who had drawn the water knew), he called out to the bridegroom and said to him, “Everybody I know puts his good wine on first and then when men have had plenty to drink, he brings out the poor stuff. John 2:1-11 Bible

“This is the cup of my Blood, the Blood of the new and everlasting covenant; it will be shed for you and for all, for the forgiveness of sins. Do this in memory of me”. Mark 14:24 Bible

In Roman Catholic theology, “transubstantiation” (in Latin transsubstantiatio, in Greek μετουσίωσις (metousiosis)) means the change of  bread and wine into the Body and Blood, respectively of Christ into the Eucharist.


Bacchus(Roman) Dionysus (Greek)---Caravaggio

“The name of DIONYSUS means he who gives the wine” also “DIONYSUS does not wish people to drink a lot or get intoxicated; he wishes wine to relax people and create an atmosphere of friendliness. God DIONYSUS and wine help people loosen and become more affable and intimate.” (Moralia by Plutarch of chaeronea. Dinner of the seven wise men p156) Moralia is an eclectic collection of 78 essays and transcribed speeches of the Greek scholar Plutarch 46-120 AD

“DIONYSUS discovered the wine and taught mankind how to cultivate the vine. Also he brought much land under cultivation. He discovered the drink made out of barley, called by some zythos. In return for all this received most high honours by people.” Library of History chapter 4.

Diodor siculus— Greek Historian lived in 1st century B.C.


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